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【外贸易聘】你掌握这些外贸概念常识政策吗?

2018-01-19 / 作者:admin / 来源:未知 / 浏览量:

One way a country can control its economy is by imposing import restrictions (or conrols).

一个国家可以控制其经济的一种方式是实行进口限制(或控制)。

If an industry is just starting up (when it is called an infant industry) the government may help it because it makes the country richer and provides employment.

如果一个行业刚刚启动(当它被称作一个新兴产业),政府可以帮助它,因为它使国家更丰富,提供就业。

The government can help  help an infant industry by subsidizing it or by imposing import restrictions to subsidize an industry means to give it grants or loans,

政府可以通过补贴或通过实行进口限制来帮助一个新兴工业.意味着给予它赠款或贷款,

Import controls can protect it from competition by stopping or limiting the imporation of the goods the infant industry produces, the goverment  might also impose taxes on imported goods, These taxes are called duty or tariffs.

进口管制可以通过停止或限制新兴产业生产的货物的进口来保护其免受竞争,政府也可以对进口货物征税。这些税收被称为税收或关税。

Import controls may only be selective or temporary. If they only apply to certain goods or certain countries. they are selective.

进口管制只能是选择性的或临时的。 如果它们只适用于某些商品或某些国家。 他们是选择性的。

If they only  apply for a limited time, they are temporary.

如果只适用于有限的时间,它们是临时的.

Traders may require a licence to import goods, A licence is a certificate which gives permission to do something. Traders may also be limited to a quota of goods, A quota is a maximum number.

贸易商可能需要进口货物的许可证,许可证是许可做某事的证书。 交易商也可以被限制一定数量的货物,配额是最大数量。

Trade restrictions are enforced by the Customs and Excise department. Importers have to fill out a customs declaration form which declares that value of the goods so that the customs men can calculate the tariffs(taxes) they must pay.

贸易关制由海关执行部门执行。 进口商必须填写一份报关单,说明货物的价值,以便海关人员可以计算他们必须支付的关税(税)。

To make the job of the customs department easier, the invoice for the goods is sometimes certified as accurate by the consulate of the importing country before the goods leave the exporting country, The invoice is then called a consular invoice.

为了使海关部门的工作更容易,货物的发票有时在货物离开出口国之前由进口国的领事馆证明是准确的,发票被称为领事发票。

The consular invoice is sometimes also used as a certificate of origin ( Although this may be a separate document)

领事发票有时也用作原产地证书(虽然这可能是一个单独的文件).

The certificate of origin is a certificate which shows where the goods come from originally (this is necessary if they have travelled through another country).

原产地证书是证明货物来自原产地的证书(如果他们已经经过另一个国家,这是必要的)。

It can be important to show the origin of goods when the importing and exporting countries have speical  trade agreements, because traders may pay less duty.

当进出口国家有专门的贸易协定时,显示货物的来源可能很重要,因为贸易商可以少交税。

A government often makes trade agreements with its trading partners (countries with which it trades regularly).

政府经常与其贸易伙伴(经常与其交易的国家)签订贸易协议。

Under trade agreements certain goods from certain countries may be exempt from (they do not have to pay) some of the tariffs (taxes), or they may be allowed bigger quotas.

在贸易协定中,来自某些国家的某些货物可能免税(他们不必支付)一些关税(税),或者他们可能允许更大的配额。

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